Osteoporosis, or thinning bones, can result in painful fractures. Risk factors for osteoporosis include aging, being female, low body weight, low sex hormones or menopause, smoking, and some medications. Prevention and treatment include calcium and vitamin D, exercise, and osteoporosis medications.
Osteoporosis occurs when there is an imbalance between new bone formation and old bone re-absorption. The body may fail to form enough new bone, or too much old bone may be reabsorbed, or both. Two essential minerals for normal bone formation are calcium and phosphate. Throughout youth, the body uses these minerals to produce bones. Calcium is essential for proper functioning of the heart, brain, and other organs. To keep those critical organs functioning, the body reabsorbs calcium that is stored in the bones to maintain blood calcium levels. If calcium intake is not sufficient or if the body does not absorb enough calcium from the diet, bone production and bone tissue may suffer. Thus, the bones may become weaker, resulting in brittle and fragile bones that can break easily.
Usually, the loss of bone occurs over an extended period of years. Often, a person will sustain a fracture before becoming aware that the disease is present. By then, the disease may be in its advanced stages and damage may be serious.
The leading cause of osteoporosis is a lack of certain hormones, particularly estrogen in women and androgen in men. Women, especially those older than 60 years of age, are frequently diagnosed with the disease. Menopause is accompanied by lower estrogen levels and increases a woman’s risk for osteoporosis. Other factors that may contribute to bone loss in this age group include inadequate intake of calcium and vitamin D, lack of weight-bearing exercise, and other age-related changes in endocrine functions (in addition to lack of estrogen).
Other conditions that may lead to osteoporosis include overuse of corticosteroids (cushing syndrome), thyroid problems, lack of muscle use, bone, certain genetic disorders, use of certain medications, and problems such as low calcium in the diet.
The following are risk factors for osteoporosis:
- Women are at a greater risk than men, especially women who are thin or have a small frame, as are those of advanced age.
- Women who are white or Asian, especially those with a family member with osteoporosis, have a greater risk of developing osteoporosis than other women.
- Women who are postmenopausal, including those who have had early or surgically induced menopause, or abnormal or absence of menstrual periods are at greater risk.
- Cigarette smoking, eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia, low amounts of calcium in the diet, heavy alcohol consumption, inactive lifestyle, and use of certain medications, such as corticosteroids and anticonvulsants, are also risk factors.
- Rheumatoid arthritis itself is a risk factor for osteoporosis.
- Having a parent that has/had osteoporosis is a risk factor for the offspring.
In Ayurveda there are various types of herbs which are recommended by vedic scholars since centuries, and those herbs are there in ample amount which nourishes sapta dhatu (tissues) and treats all sorts of symptoms of osteoarthritis conditions. And they are as follows:
An ideal Rasayana to manage all sorts of arthritic conditions, reduce pain and rejuvenate & heal damaged joints.
- Helps remove toxins surrounding joints and thus relives from pain.
- Supports relax muscle spasm, increase muscular power and thus improve flexibility.
- Helps decrease uric acid and act as immuno-modulator to support in rheumatoid arthritis condition.
- Addresses swelling, redness and inflammation.
Joints & pain management
- Helps to reduce swelling, increase mobility, improved grip and strength and rejuvenates joints.
- It helps treat inflammation of the joints, alleviates pain and strengthens the joints and tendons. Useful for treating gout, arthritis, broken bones and wounds. They help rejuvenate joints and bones. It multiple active chemical compounds has antioxidants that fight inflammation and stimulate your immune system’s white blood cells.