There are many factors which lead to temporary or permanent infertility in females, today we are going to know about the facts and solution.
To become pregnant, each of these factors is essential:
- You need to ovulate. Achieving pregnancy requires that your ovaries produce and release an egg, a process known as ovulation. Your doctor can help evaluate your menstrual cycles and confirm ovulation.
- Your partner needs sperm.For most couples, this isn’t a problem unless your partner has a history of illness or surgery. Your doctor can run some simple tests to evaluate the health of your partner’s sperm.
- You need to have regular intercourse.You need to have regular sexual intercourse during your fertile time. Your doctor can help you better understand when you’re most fertile during your cycle.
- You need to have open fallopian tubes and a normal uterus.The egg and sperm meet in the fallopian tubes, and the pregnancy needs a healthy place to grow.
For pregnancy to occur, every part of the complex human reproduction process has to take place just right. The steps in this process are as follows:
- One of the two ovaries releases a mature egg.
- The egg is picked up by the fallopian tube.
- Sperm swim up the cervix, through the uterus and into the fallopian tube to reach the egg for fertilization.
- The fertilized egg travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus.
- The fertilized egg implants and grows in the uterus.
In women, a number of factors can disrupt this process at any step. Female infertility is caused by one or more of these factors.
Ovulation disorders, meaning you ovulate infrequently or not at all, account for infertility in about 25 percent of infertile couples. These can be caused by flaws in the regulation of reproductive hormones by the hypothalamus or the pituitary gland, or by problems in the ovary itself.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).In PCOS, complex changes occur in the hypothalamus, pituitary gland and ovaries, resulting in a hormone imbalance, which affects ovulation. PCOS is associated with insulin resistance and obesity, abnormal hair growth on the face or body, and acne. It’s the most common cause of female infertility.
- Hypothalamic dysfunction.The two hormones responsible for stimulating ovulation each month — follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) — are produced by the pituitary gland in a specific pattern during the menstrual cycle. Excess physical or emotional stress, a very high or very low body weight, or a recent substantial weight gain or loss can disrupt this pattern and affect ovulation. The main sign of this problem is irregular or absent periods.
- Premature ovarian insufficiency.This disorder is usually caused by an autoimmune response where your body mistakenly attacks ovarian tissues or by premature loss of eggs from your ovary due to genetic problems or environmental insults such as chemotherapy. It results in the loss of the ability to produce eggs by the ovary, as well as a decreased estrogen production under the age of 40.
- Too much prolactin.Less commonly, the pituitary gland can cause excess production of prolactin (hyperprolactinemia), which reduces estrogen production and may cause infertility. Most commonly this is due to a problem in the pituitary gland, but it can also be related to medications you’re taking for another disease.
- Damage to fallopian tubes (tubal infertility): When fallopian tubes become damaged or blocked, they keep sperm from getting to the egg or block the passage of the fertilized egg into the uterus.
· Endometriosis: Endometriosis occurs when tissue that normally grows in the uterus implants and grows in other locations. This extra tissue growth — and the surgical removal of it — can cause scarring, which may obstruct the tube and keep the egg and sperm from uniting.
- Cervical causes: A small group of women may have a cervical condition in which the sperm cannot pass through the cervical canal. Whether due to abnormal mucus production or a prior cervical surgical procedure, this problem may be treated with intrauterine inseminations.
- Uterine causes: Abnormal anatomy of the uterus; the presence of polyps and fibroids.
- Unexplained infertility: The cause of infertility in approximately 20% of couples will not be determined using the currently available methods of investigation.
According to a study of diet and fertility from Harvard Medical School, unlike other factors that you cannot control—such as age and genetics—eating certain foods and avoiding others is something you can do yourself, without medical intervention, to help improve your ovulatory function.
- Sunflower Seeds
They may be small, but sunflower seeds are packed with goodness.
“They’re high in nutrients like zinc, which is the most important nutrient for male and female fertility,” says Brisbane-based naturopath and author of Making Babies.
Sunflower seeds are also full of protein, which is important for a fertility diet.
- Flax Seed Oil
Flax seed oil is high in omega-3 fats and is believed to reduce the chance of a miscarriage.
“Oily fish, like salmon and cod, help to regulate the sex glands’ function and control a large part of the body’s inflammatory response,” Excessive inflammation over stimulates the immune response, which can contribute to miscarriages.
Your intake of broccoli and other dark green, leafy vegetables should be increased in any fertility campaign as Broccoli is high in phytosterols, which support our hormone system and are especially important for women wanting to conceive,”
- Red Meat
It is a good source of iron and also supplies protein, which provides the basic building blocks of hormones, & Spinach, is good too but you have to eat a tonne of it.
- Brown Rice
Include a serve of brown rice in your diet three times a week to maintain a normal blood-sugar level which is important for fertility, complex carbohydrates such as brown rice, wholegrains, beans and vegetables maintain the balance you need as it contains folic acid, which aids blood production and is important once you fall pregnant so the baby doesn’t have neural tube defects.”
- Take a daily multivitamin that contains at least 400 micrograms of folic acid and 40 to 80 milligrams of iron.
- Keep your weight in the “fertility zone:” a BMI of 18.5 to 24.
Being too thin (a body mass index of less than 18.5) or overweight (a BMI of 25 or more) can affect your fertility and your baby’s health.
- Exercise 30 to 60 minutes daily for weight management.
- Water: Increase your water intake by 2 ½ liters per day
- Vegetables: Consume green leafy vegetables, carrots, spinach, lettuce, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, broccoli, and sweet potatoes everyday in your diet, as they are very rich in iron content.
- Dairy Products: Consume 1 glass of milk daily.
- Beans: Beans and lentils are good sources of iron and folate, and vitamins that are needed for a healthy pregnancy.
- Whole Grains: Consume whole grains like bajra, jowar, ragi, kuttu and ramdana.
- Omega 3 rich: Flax seeds and walnuts.
- Dry Fruits: almonds, cashews, black raisins.
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