Diabetes mellitus, usually called diabetes, is a disease in which your body does not make enough insulin or cannot use normal amounts of insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the amount of sugar in your blood. A high blood sugar level can cause problems in many parts of your body.
The most common ones are Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children. It is also called juvenile onset diabetes mellitus or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. In this type, your pancreas does not make enough insulin and you have to take insulin injections for the rest of your life.
Type 2 diabetes, which is more common, usually occurs in people over 40 and is called adult onset diabetes mellitus. It is also called non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. In Type 2, your pancreas makes insulin, but your body does not use it properly. The high blood sugar level often can be controlled by following a diet and/or taking medication, although some patients must take insulin. Type 2 diabetes is particularly prevalent among African Americans, American Indians, Latin Americans and Asian Americans.
With diabetes, the small blood vessels in the body are injured. When the blood vessels in the kidneys are injured, your kidneys cannot clean your blood properly. Your body will retain more water and salt than it should, which can result in weight gain and ankle swelling. You may have protein in your urine. Also, waste materials will build up in your blood.
Diabetes also may cause damage to nerves in your body. This can cause difficulty in emptying your bladder. The pressure resulting from your full bladder can back up and injure the kidneys. Also, if urine remains in your bladder for a long time, you can develop an infection from the rapid growth of bacteria in urine that has a high sugar level.
About 30 percent of patients with Type 1 (juvenile onset) diabetes and 10 to 40 percent of those with Type 2 (adult onset) diabetes eventually will suffer from kidney failure.
The earliest sign of diabetic kidney disease is an increased excretion of albumin in the urine. This is present long before the usual tests done in your doctor’s office show evidence of kidney disease, so it is important for you to have this test on a yearly basis. Weight gain and ankle swelling may occur. You will use the bathroom more at night. Your blood pressure may get too high. As a person with diabetes, you should have your blood, urine and blood pressure checked at least once a year. This will lead to better control of your disease and early treatment of high blood pressure and kidney disease. Maintaining control of your diabetes can lower your risk of developing severe kidney disease.
As your kidneys fail, your blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels will rise as well as the level of creatinine in your blood. You may also experience nausea, vomiting, a loss of appetite, weakness, increasing fatigue, itching, muscle cramps (especially in your legs) and anemia (a low blood count). You may find you need less insulin. This is because diseased kidneys cause less breakdown of insulin. If you develop any of these signs, call your doctor.
Signs of Kidney Disease in Patients with Diabetes
- Albumin/protein in the urine
- High blood pressure
- Ankle and leg swelling, leg cramps
- Going to the bathroom more often at night
- High levels of BUN and creatinine in blood
- Less need for insulin or antidiabetic medications
- Morning sickness, nausea and vomiting
- Weakness, paleness and anemia
LIVING FIT WITH DIABETES
- Check your blood sugar when you wake up.
- Have One teaspoon of methi seeds soaked overnight in 100 ml of water is very effective in controlling diabetes.
- Drink tomato juice with salt and pepper every morning on an empty stomach.
- (you can have methi water and tomato juice each on alternative days)
- Intake of 6 almonds (soaked overnight) is also helpful in keeping a check on diabetes.
IN YOUR DAILY DIET YOU SHOULD INCLUDE THE BELOW METIONED THINGS:
- Whole grains, oats, channa atta, millets and other high fibre foodsshould be included in the meals. If one feels like consuming pasta or noodles, it should always be accompanied with vegetable/sprouts.
- Milkis the right combination of carbohydrates and proteins and helps control blood sugar levels. Two servings of milk in a daily diet is a good option.
Diabetes Control: Diabetic Diet Tips
- High fibre vegetables such as peas, beans, broccoli and spinach /leafy vegetables should be included in one’s diet. Also, pulses with husk and sprouts are a healthy option and should be part of the diet.
- Pulses are important in the diet as their effect on blood glucose is less than that of most other carbohydrate containing foods. Vegetables rich in fibre help lowering down the blood sugar levels and thus are healthy.
- Good fats such as Omega-3and monounsaturated fats (MUFA) should be consumed as they are good for the body. Natural sources for these are canola oil, flax seed oil, fatty fish and nuts. These are also low in cholesterol and are trans fat free.
- Fruits high in fibre such as papaya, apple, orange, pear and guava should be consumed. Mangoes, bananas, and grapes contain high sugar; therefore these fruits should be consumed lesser than the others.
Small frequent meals:
A large meal gives rise to higher blood sugar in one’s body, therefore it is essential to take small frequent meals to prevent both higher and very low blood sugar values and keep them constant. Small in between snacks can be dhokla, fruit, high fibre cookies, butter milk, yogurt, upma/poha with vegetables etc.
A person with diabetes should follow a diet which is low in carbohydrates, high in fibre and contains adequate amounts of proteins, vitamins and minerals; and avoid fatty foods and sweets. He/she should also take frequent small meals (5 meals pattern).
IN YOUR DAILY DIET ONE CAN INCLUDE THE ABOVE MENTIONED FOOD ALSO:
|Early morning||Nuts: Almonds(6-7) Walnuts(1-2)|
|Mid morning||Fruits: Papaya Buttermilk/Coconut water|
|Bed Time||Milk 1 glass|
- This meal plan provides around 1600-1800 calories for a day. In order to keep a track of the glycaemic index of the food items you eat, use this GI Wheel. Also know how a healthy breakfast can prevent diabetes.
- The diet should be followed with 30 minutes of walk in the early morning, 30 minutes after your lunch and 30 minutes before going to bed.
RECOMMENDATION CHART FOR SUPPLIMENTS CONSUMPTION
Sugafite is a well researched and perfect blend herbs and minerals to control diabetes by just improving the utilization of blood glucose in type II diabetic condition. It is recommended to be consumed alongwith oral anti-diabetic medicines. Consuming daily with discipline, it gradually helps reduce decrease the dosage of anti-diabetic drugs until no longer necessary.
- Helps regulate absorption of blood sugar, normalize level of glucose and improves sensitivity of insulin receptor.
- Equally helpful in Type I diabetes as it is in Type II.
- Helps manage diabetes borne pain and infections.
- Very effective in the patient depending upon Insulin therapy.
- Builds stamina, increase energy and promote healthy sex life.
Sugar metabolism support
Metabolism, oxidation & detoxification management.
Rich source of natural anti-diabetic, antiseptic and blood purifiers. Enriched with Gymnema sylvestre.
Key ingredients & their benefits:
- Gymnema sylvestre is known as Gudmar and according to its name, it kills excess sugar in the blood streams. Helps regulate absorption of blood sugar, normalize level of glucose and improves sensitivity of insulin receptor. Equally helpful in Type I diabetes as it is in Type II.
- Karela & Neem helps control extra calories in the body and ignites pancreatic glands to function well.
- Jamun decreases glucose level in blood stream.
- Haridra is highly effective in diabetic as well as in pre diabetic condition as it is observed to prevent progression towards T2DM.
Kidney Stones & Urinary Infection Management
Key ingredients & their benefits:
- Punarnava & kulthi helps rejuvenate kidneys and urinary tract.
- Gokshura & Pashanbhed helps remove kidney’s stones.
- Ishwarmool helps reduces the toxicity of kidneys as well as whole body.
Chandan is known for its anti microbial properties and helps strengthen kidneys.