In the human body, one of the most important connective tissues is blood. Blood is considered a connective tissue because it consists of a non-living fluid in which living cells are suspended. The blood matrix surrounding the cells is known as plasma, which accounts for about 55% of our blood volume. There are three types of living cells in blood: red blood cells (or erythrocytes), white blood cells (or leukocytes) and platelets (or thrombocytes). These make up the remaining 45% of our blood volume.
The most important function of red blood cells is the transport of oxygen. The haemoglobin absorbs oxygen in the lungs, travels through blood vessels and brings oxygen to all other cells via the heart.
Hemoglobin (the main component of red blood cells) is an iron-containing protein that facilitates transportation of oxygen from the lungs to tissues and carbon dioxide from tissues to the lungs.
RED BLOOD CELLS primarily carry oxygen and collect carbon dioxide through the use of hemoglobin, and have a lifetime of about 120 days. In the process of being formed they go through a unipotent stem cell stage. They have the job alongside the white blood cells of protecting the healthy cells.
Any problem in RBC Red Blood Cells leads to several diseases and disorders and they are as follows:
- Anemia(or anaemias) are diseases characterized by low oxygen transport capacity of the blood, because of low red cell count or some abnormality of the red blood cells or the hemoglobin.
- Iron deficiency anemia is the most common anemia; it occurs when the dietary intake or absorption of iron is insufficient, and hemoglobin, which contains iron, cannot be formed
- Sickle-cell Disease is a genetic disease that results in abnormal hemoglobin molecules. When these release their oxygen load in the tissues, they become insoluble, leading to mis-shaped red blood cells. These sickle shaped red cells are less deformable and viscoelastic meaning that they have become rigid and can cause blood vessel blockage, pain, strokes, and other tissue damage.
- Thalassemia is a genetic disease that results in the production of an abnormal ratio of hemoglobin subunits.
- Pernicious anemia is an autonimmune disease wherein the body lacks intrinsic factor, required to absorb Vitamin B12 from food. Vitamin B12 is needed for the production of hemoglobin.
WHITE BLOOD CELLS are cells of the immune system involved in defending the body against both infectious disease and foreign materials (toxins). Five diverse types of leukocytes exist, but they are all produced and derived from multipotent cells in the bone marrow known as a hematopoietic stem cells. They live for about 3 to 4 days in the average human body. Leukocytes are found throughout the body, including the blood and lymphatic system.
Any problem in WBC White Blood Cells leads to several diseases and disorders and they are as follows:
There are two major categories of white blood cell disorders: proliferative and leukopenias.
- In the proliferative disorders there is an increase in the number of white blood cells. This increase is commonly reactive (ex. due to infection) but may also be cancerous.
- In leukopenias there is a decrease in the number of white blood cells. Both proliferative disease and leukopenias are quantitative disorders of white blood cells.
- Qualitative disorders of white blood cells are another category. These are disorders in which the number of white blood cells is normal but the cells do not function normally.
PLATELETS, The average lifespan of a platelet is normally just 5 to 9 days. Platelets are a natural source of growth factors. They circulate in the blood of mammals and are involved in hemostasis, leading to the formation of blood clots. Platelets release thread-like fibers to form these clots.
Any problem in Platelets leads to several diseases and disorders and they are as follows:
- Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura(ITP) which means decrease in the platelets present in the blood. It causes a characteristic purpuric rash and an increased tendency to bleed.
- Splenomegalyis an enlargement of the spleen causes due to reduction in the number of circulating blood cells (platelets)
- Dengue fever, also known asbreak bone fever, is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include Fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases, the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low level of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage.
BLOOD CELLS ENHANCING FOOD:
- Intake of Dates and Pomegranates
- Add Beetroot in your daily food
- Eating Watermelon
FYI: Lycopene is fat-soluble, meaning that it needs certain fats in the blood for better absorption by the body. Watermelon consists of 92% of water and 8% of sugar.
- Eating Yogurt, Broccoli
- Fresh Green Leafy Vegetables
- Vitamin C Rich Foods
FYI: If you are having more of Vitamin C sources, then you have to increase the intake of folic acid rich food in your daily diet.
- Increasing Legumes in your daily diet All types of Legumes are best plant foods, enriched with iron. Legumes include soya nuts, red kidney beans, chickpeas, black-eyed peas, black beans, lentils, fava beans.
- Pumpkin seeds
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