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The term hernia means displacement of the internal organ or protrusion or herniation of the viscera. The internal part of stomach pops outward, forming an abnormal swelling. When our stomach muscles get weak, some portions of the intestine swell up by pushing the weak stomach muscle.

A hernia may develop in almost any part of the body; however, hernia is most commonly affected in the muscles of the abdominal wall. Hernia affects both genders.

Few individuals observe the protrusion at a young age and will live with it for years. But for few people the hernia is very painful and reduces general mobility. At times the complications increase thereby going in for surgery. Hernias also is hereditary, and can be caused by such things as coughing, straining during elimination, lifting heavy objects, accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, and obesity.


  • A hernia occurs when there is a weakness or hole in the muscular wall that usually keeps abdominal organs in place. This muscular wall is called the peritoneum.
  • A hernia can be congenital – present at birth – or develop in children who have a weakness in their abdominal wall.
  • A hernia is the exit of an organ, such as the bowel, through the wall of the cavity in which it normally resides. Hernias come in a number of different types. Most commonly they involve the abdomen, specifically the groin. Groin. Hernias are most common of the inguinal type but may also be femoral. Other hernias include hiatus, incision, and umbilical hernias this may include pain or discomfort especially with coughing, exercise, or going to the toilet. Often it gets worse throughout the day and improves when lying down , where the blood supply to part of the bowel is blocked. This usually produces severe pain and tenderness of the area.
  • Risk factors for the development of a hernia include: smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obesity, pregnancy, peritoneal dialysis, collagen vascular disease, and previous open appendectomy, among others. Hernias are partly genetic. Hernias can often be diagnosed based on signs and symptoms.


 Sign And Symptom:

Symptoms of hernias vary, depending on the cause and the structures involved. Most begin as small, hardly noticeable breakthroughs. At first, they may be soft lumps under the skin, a little larger than a marble; there usually is no pain. Gradually, the pressure of the internal contents against the weak wall increases, and the size of the lump increases.

In the beginning stages, the hernia may be reducible – the protruding structures can be pushed back gently into their normal places. If those structures, however, cannot be returned to their normal locations through manipulation, the hernia is said to be irreducible, or incarcerated (confined).Noticeable causes are as follows:

  • Straining on the toilet (due to long-term constipation, for example)
  • Persistent cough
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Straining to urinate
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Abdominal fluid
  • Lifting heavy items
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Poor nutrition
  • Smoking
  • Physical exertion
  • Undescended testicles.

Types of hernia:

 Abdominal wall hernia: Also known as an epigastric or ventral hernia. Common type of hernia among those confirmed.

Indirect inguinal hernia: Affects men only. A loop of intestine passes down the canal from where a testis descends early in childhood into the scrotum. If neglected, this type of hernia tends to increase progressively in size (a “sliding hernia”) causing the scrotum to expand grossly.

Direct inguinal hernia: The intestinal loop forms a swelling in the inner part of the fold of the groin.

Femoral hernia: Mostly observed in women. An intestinal loop passes down the canal containing the major blood vessels to and from the leg, between the abdomen and the thigh, causing a bulge in the groin and another at the top of the inner thigh.

Umbilical Hernia: An intestinal loop protrudes through a weakness in the abdominal wall at the navel (but remains beneath the skin).

Hiatal hernia: A loop of the stomach when particularly full protrudes upward through the small opening in the diaphragm through which the esophagus passes, thus leaving the abdominal cavity and entering the chest.

Incisional hernia: Hernia that occurs at the site of a surgical incision. Occurs mainly due to strain on the healing tissues due to excessive muscular effort, lifting, coughing, or extreme pressure.

 Ayurvedic diet recommended: 

  • Do not eat too much. Reduce the quantity taken at each meal.
  • Eat slowly.Taking frequent small meals instead of three large meals are advised.
  • Increase your intake of liquids, but avoid fizzy drinks.
  • Taking water with meals, except half an hour before or one hour after a meal is recommended. This helps digestive system to function properly and reduce occurrence of heartburn. It also increases the overall weight in the stomach and slows down the digestive process by diluting the digestive juices.
  • Do not eat raw food and avoid over-processed food items like white bread and sugar, cakes and biscuits, rice puddings and overcooked vegetables
  • Drinking raw juicesextracted from fresh fruits and vegetables, half an hour before each meal, is considered helpful.
  • Consume diets consisting of seeds, nuts, whole cereal grains, vegetables and fruits, etc
  • Prioritize on having fresh, lightly cooked vegetablesand sprouted seeds.
  • Carrot  juiceis considered especially beneficial, as it is rich in vitamin A and calcium and has a restorative effect
  • Do not sleep immediately after a heavy meal.
  • Take a walk after meals. At least walking 100 steps is advised.

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Ranjana Mishra
Ranjana is a MSc. in Life Sciences (Bio-Chemistry) and is presently pursuing Phd. in Bio-Molecules. She is in the Products Research & Development Department in Herbalage and had got immense knowledge on Health & Diseases which she is sharing with us via her articles.

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