The term sickle cell disease (SCD) describes a group of inherited red blood cell disorders. People with SCD have abnormal hemoglobin, called hemoglobin S or sickle hemoglobin, in their red blood cells. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. “Inherited” means that the disease is passed by genes from parents to their children. SCD is not contagious. A person cannot catch it, like a cold or infection, from someone else.
People who have SCD inherit two abnormal hemoglobin genes, one from each parent. In all forms of SCD, at least one of the two abnormal genes causes a person’s body to make hemoglobin S. When a person has two hemoglobin S genes, Hemoglobin SS, the disease is called sickle cell anemia. This is the most common and often most severe kind of SCD.
Hemoglobin SC disease and hemoglobin Sβ thalassemia (thal-uh-SEE-me-uh) are two other common forms of SCD. Cells in tissues need a steady supply of oxygen to work well. Normally, hemoglobin in red blood cells takes up oxygen in the lungs and carries it to all the tissues of the body.Red blood cells that contain normal hemoglobin are disc shaped (like a doughnut without a hole). This shape allows the cells to be flexible so that they can move through large and small blood vessels to deliver oxygen.Sickle-shaped cells are not flexible and can stick to vessel walls, causing a blockage that slows or stops the flow of blood.
When this happens, oxygen can’t reach nearby tissues.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Taking steps to stay healthy may help you avoid complications of sickle cell anemia. If you or your child has sickle cell
anemia, follow these suggestions to help you stay healthy:
Take folic acid supplements daily, and choose a healthy diet. Bone marrow needs folic acid and other vitamins to make new red blood cells. Your doctor may recommend a folic acid supplement. You can increase the number of vitamins you eat each day by choosing a diet that focuses on a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables, as well as whole grains.
Drink plenty of water. Dehydration can increase your risk of a sickle cell crisis. Drink water throughout your day, aiming for about eight glasses a day. Increase the amount of water you drink if you exercise or spend time in a hot, dry climate.
Avoid temperature extremes. Exposure to extreme heat or cold can increase your risk of a sickle cell crisis.
Exercise regularly, but don’t overdo it. Talk with your doctor about how much exercise is right for you.
Use over-the-counter medications with caution. Some medications, such as the decongestant pseudoephedrine ,can constrict your blood vessels and make it harder for the sickle cells to move through freely.
1. HEALTHY INDIAN DIETS TO COMBAT SICKLE CELL ANEMIA
|Option||Early Morning||Breakfast||Mid Morning||Lunch||Evening||Dinner|
|1||Tomato Carrot juice||High energy Poha with Pudina Chutney||An orange||Broccoli and Mushroom Steamed Rice with clear tomato soup||Milk and a piece of Carrot Murrabba||Baked Vegetables|
|2||Beetroot carrot and Orange Juice||Ragi Porridge||A guava||Phulkas with Methi Chaman and Kadhi||Dates Kheer||Phulka with Black Channa Curry|
|3||Carrot Spinach and Lime Juice||Sweet idlis with coconut chutney||A bowl of watermelon||Soya upma with mint raita||Healthy Fruity Jelly||Sauteed Green Beanswith Tofu along With Boiled rice|
|4||Green Lemon Tea||Bajra Potato Roti with Dahi||An apple||Chinese style Spinach Rice||Milk with Till Laddos||Toast with Stir Fry Beetsand clear tomato soup|
|5||Wheat Grass Juice||Methi Dhokla||An amla muraabba||Sprouted Green Gram Dosa with Sambhar||Anjeer Basundi||Til roti with Lotus Stem Kofta curry|
|7.00||Early Morning||Garden cress seed porridge||1 bowl|
|11.00||Mid Meal||Pomegranate||1 plate|
|1.30||Lunch||Vegetable + lime
Moong Dal Khichadi
|10.00||Bedtime||Dates & Black currents||Handful|
|Foods to Include||Foods to Avoid|
|Garden cress seeds, leafy vegetables, bajra, lime, guava, amla, egg, pomegranate, dates, black currents, figs, apple, iron rich breakfast cereals||Carbonated beverages, excessive tea & coffee, chocolates, processed foods, refined flours & products|