Liver is the seat of metabolism in the body. Whatever food we eat, after digestion passes through liver and after proper inspection, the liver processes the food into various parts. The proteins are processed and broken down into amino acids. The carbohydrates into glucose molecules, the fats into amino acids. The vitamins and minerals are utilized in various enzymatic chemical reactions to break down and convert the food into utilizable form.
Liver cells use various enzymes to perform these functions. The hepatocytes or liver cells work hard to keep us disease free as they also halt the entry of bacteria and viruses into our body. The chemical drugs, preservatives, alcohol, pollutants are also toxic to the liver as liver cells work at war scale to commit suicide to neutralize the toxins overload.
Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver slowly deteriorates and malfunctions due to chronic injury. Scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue.
Cirrhosis has many causes, including
- Alcohol abuse (alcoholic liver disease)
- Chronic viral hepatitis (hepatitis B, C, or D)
- Autoimmune hepatitis, which is destruction of liver cells by the body’s immune system
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which is fat deposits and inflammation in the liver
- Some drugs, toxins, and infections
- Blocked bile ducts, the tubes that carry bile from the liver
- Some inherited diseases such as
- Hemochromatosis a disease that occurs when the body absorbs too much iron and stores the excess iron in the liver, pancreas, and other organs
- Wilson disease, which is caused by the buildup of too much copper in the liver
- Protoporphyria a disorder that affects the skin, bone marrow, and liver
Sometimes the cause of cirrhosis remains unknown even after a thorough medical examination.
Symptoms of cirrhosis:
Many people with cirrhosis have no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. As the disease progresses, symptoms may include:
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Abdominal pain and bloating
- Spider like blood vessels on the skin.
The diet in liver failure – The liver cirrhosis diet should be a very balanced diet.
Food to be avoided in liver failure
Alcohol, High protein diet, Cheese, Peanuts, Dry fruits, wine, beer, All packaged food which contain preservatives, frozen food, soft drinks, Non-veg diet, sea food and eggs ( Egg white can be given if the albumin is very low). Spices like ginger, turmeric, garlic are not recommended as they are pungent in nature. Alcohol is also pungent in nature. So pungent is not recommended in liver failure.
Diet Plan for liver cirrhosis
Diet plays a major role in the management of liver cirrhotic patients. In liver cirrhosis, patient’s protein intake must be increased, because protein is essential for the liver to repair itself and function to the best of its ability. Low Sodium diet is required, fluid intake should be restricted to 1-2L/day. A well balanced diet with high protein, high carbohydrate and moderate fat should be given.
- No added salt (2-3gm/day)
- Total fluid intake should be 2-2.5l/day.
- Combination of oil should be used (mustard + sunflower) in moderate amount.
- High Protein supplement powder can be used.
- Canned food should be avoided
Liver & detoxification management.
Key ingredients & their benefits:
- Pittapapad, Bhringraaj & Guduchi Helps rejuvenates fatty and sluggish liver cells and ignite detoxification.
- Kalmegh helps activate antioxidant enzymes that catalyze the reaction of oxidants and are effective in severe liver damage.
- Neruri & Punarnava improves urinary tracts and helps detoxify overall body. They also Helps protect from drug, pollution and alcohol borne toxicity.
A well researched formulation to help detoxify whole body by improving the functions of liver, kidneys and urinary tract. It also supports to regulate metabolism to help in obesity.
- Helps rejuvenates fatty and sluggish liver to ignite detoxification.
- Provides nutrition in urinary tract infection, renal failure, and liver apses etc.
- Helps protect from drug, pollution and alcohol borne toxicity.
- Also helps address kidney stone.